Gemma, widow of Manuele di Bonaiuto da Camerino: Florence, 1499

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Gemma, widow of Manuele di Bonaiuto da Camerino: Florence, 1499


Gemma, the daughter of Salomone di Aliuccio Fano and his wife Brunetta, widow of Manuele di Bonaiuto da Camerino


Gemma's mother Brunetta's will (Poggibonsi, 1473) is also part of this collection. A good deal about this family and this will's larger context is known. See Borgolotto and Garruto, "Testamenti femminili toscani," 69-72. Gemma's husband came from a well-known Roman Jewish family, and was a very important moneylender active in Florence. The couple seems to have had no children. Gemma had been named as her husband's heir, unless she chose to remarry, which she did not do. She had also been left a good deal of money that had been invested in various loan banks, leaving her responsible to administer a very large set of assets.

Gemma's will was made in her home in Florence.

She named as her universal heirs those who her husband had named to succeed her should she have gotten remarried: Salomone and Angelo di Abramo di San Miniato, brothers from a well-known Tuscan Jewish family. She says that she should be married in the cemetery in the neighborhood of San Miniato (where her husband Manuele had been buried).

Gemma left a series of bequests to members of her family of origin. She left 150 florins to her nephews Consiglio and Bonaventura, the sons of her brother Elia. She also left them goods stored in two chests which were located in the third room of her house. They were also ordered within two years of Gemma's death to use 20 florins to pay for a teacher to teach Jewish boys.

As a fulfillment of a mandate from her husband's will, Gemma also left 100 florins for Manuele, the son of her late brother Daniele. She also left Manuele another 10 florins, which should come from the sale of the household goods of her house in Florence.

She also left a house and garden in the neighborhood of San Giovanni Val d'Arno to her universal heirs and their father Abramo, in payment for a debt of 40 florins she owed them. If her heirs decided to sell the garden, she conditioned, they had to use the profits to maintain the synagogue that her husband had founded in the neighborhood of San Giovanni Val d'Arno. If they didn't want to sell the garden, they were ordered to give 40 florins to the oratory of San Giovanni Valdarno.


Florence, Italy


5 July 1499


Archivio di Stato, Florence
ASFi, Notarile Antecosimiano, n. 16841, fols. 316r-319r.
See Borgolotto and Garruto, "Testamenti femminili toscani," 69-72.